Dysmetria is a discrepancy in the length or the lower limbs, which is caused by different bone disorders such as shortening of the tibia or femur.
Bone growth takes place at the growth plates (physes). Physes have their own growth potential and its development will be different for each person. Typically, these discrepancies produce an uneven and unstable gait.
What are the most common symptoms?
- Low back pain
- Pain in the hip, knee, ankle and feet
- Altered gait
- Discomfort when walking
- Abnormal deviations of the spine (scoliosis)
- Herniated discs
- Susceptibility to frequent ligament injuries
- Misalignment in proper position of feet
- Medical conditions of the foot such as plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, metatarsalgia, among others.
- Aesthetic impact
How is it diagnosed?
It can be diagnosed through an x-ray examination, with an anteroposterior projection of the pelvis (AP Ferguson Modified); for further information, a scanometry can be performed, since it measures specifically the dysmetria in the pelvic limbs.
How can dysmetria in pelvic limbs be treated?
- Using a customized orthotic insole with a millimeter increment to correct the dysmetria
- Gait reeducation
- Strengthening exercises for core
- Mobility exercises for hip
- Stretches for anterior / posterior muscle chains
- Exercises for posture correction