WHAT IS AND FOR WHOM IS SPORTS MASSAGE INTENDED?
We call sports massage any manual technique done on an athlete and that will help us improve their performance, increase their work capacity and subsequent recovery, and prevent or treat possible injuries caused by the sport they perform.
It is intended for anyone who is performing physical activity or sport, be it competitive, recreational or for personal training, and who wishes to treat or prevent musculoskeletal conditions linked to the effort of the activity / sport or to overtraining, which can be risk factor for multiple pathologies due to overuse, joint, metabolic or muscle.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF SPORTS MASSAGES?
- Precompetition: Preparation or distracting (after the last training before the competition)
- Warm-up (prior to physical warm-up)
- Draining- stimulating
- Draining- pain reliever
- Immediately after the competition
- Sometime after the competition (from 8 to 30 hours)
BENEFITS OF SPORTS MASSAGE
ABOUT THE LOCOMOTIVE SYSTEM
Increased muscle tone, prevents stiffness of the treated area, improved circulation that helps venous emptying, improved flow of lymphatic circulation, it is possible to increase elasticity in tissues, including scar tissue, which in occasions influence sports performance, improves capsular, ligament or tendon injuries. It also has benefits because it prevents injuries due to the preparation of the muscle for physical activity and on the other hand it benefits the recovery of tissues after muscle overload.
ABOUT THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
It improves the lung capacity, improves the oxygenation of the body thanks to the regulation of the diaphragm, helps to eliminate mucus in the respiratory tree, thus generating a more effective perfusion of gases.
ABOUT THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
It can act as a sedentary and relaxing or as a stimulating and invigorating, depending on the state of the person and the prescription of the type of massage.
Depending on the sporting moment, specific effects are shown on the body, which are summarized in the following section:
Increase body temperature
—Increase available energy products
—Accelerates and improves metabolism
—Musculoskeletal apparatus is heated
—The neuromuscular system is activated
—Increases the elasticity of muscles, tendons, ligaments, capsules and fascia.
—Increases articular travel (arch)
—It ensures the greatest supply of oxygen and glucose to the muscles
—Prepare the athlete psychologically before the effort
The effects will be the same as those of the pre-competition massage, but on
we will seek everything:
—Remove toxic substances and metabolic waste, which can cause
fatigue and poor performance of neuromuscular stimuli.
—Analgesia: a muscle taken to its maximum effort will have some repercussions
physical to be expressed through pain. With massage
We will try to calm that pain.
The effects will be all those mentioned above, both from the pre-competition
such as inter-competition but above all with regard to:
—Nervous, activating the S.N. Parasympathetic, translating into relaxation and
elimination of psychic tension to restore calm to the athlete.
The type of massage will be relaxing and venous emptying.
Recalling then that physical activity or sport implies in many people overcoming and as such a physical requirement to achieve some victory, improve a brand, improve or preserve their health, in various cases the limits of physiological capacity are reached, which causes wear that can affect the performance or health of athletes. In this way, with massage we encourage fatigue to be reduced quickly, we prevent injuries and if they occur it accelerates recovery. It is a means to help the athlete reach an optimal level, while preserving their comprehensive health.