Have you ever heard about Crossed Over Syndrome? If you work on your computer for more than 5 hours a day in a row and you are an intense cell phone user you might even be experiencing it without knowing.
As you might know, the definition of <syndrome> consist in a group of symptoms that consistently occur together. The common characteristics of the upper crossed syndrome create a common postural patterning of forward shoulders, increases kyphosis (cervical curve of the spine), forward head posture, and loss of cervical lordosis. Clearly, this adaptations have a response on the body muscles. Dr. Vladimir Jand was the one who noticed the same pattern of muscle imbalances on so many people that he named the syndrome.
Keep in mind the altered pattern we described above. Now imagine how the muscles have to adapt during that pattern. UCS is defined as tightness of the upper trapezius, pectoralis major, and levator scapulae and weakness of the rhomboids, serratus anterior, middle and lower trapezius, and the deep neck flexors, especially the scalene muscles. When the weakened and shortened muscles are connected in the upper body, they form a cross. Now you got it, Upper Crossed Syndome.
This syndrome produces elevation and protraction of the shoulders, winging of the scapula, and protraction of the head. This atypical posture produces overstress of the cervical cranial junction, the C4-5 and T4 segments, and the shoulder due to altered motion of the glenohumeral joint. This degenerative changes in the upper cervical spine cause lack of movement and dysfunction, which cause irritation to the pain-sensitive structures. So what can start being only muscle soreness might cause a chronic condition if not attended.
Clinic and literature suggests that a successful treatment program should include individually determined exercises based on the findings of manual muscle testing to regain postural muscle balance.